|A Trick When Small Foods Fall Between the Trays
After Making Lemonade
Always 95% or More Dehydrated
Basic Tips Before You Start
Blanching and Skin Scalding (which foods?)
Can You Over Dry Your Food?
Cheese, Milk, Butter, Eggs
Cooking With Dried Beans
Dehydrated food back to the raw form?
Dehydration vs. Bacteria
Dehydrators: Which One to Choose?
Food That Should Be Steamed Before Dehydrating
Foods You Just Throw on the Dehydrator
Frozen Fruits and Vegetables
Herbal Teas: Which Herbs To Use
Holes in your Vacuum Bags
How To Get FREE Food Storage Buckets
How to Make Bread Rise
Nutrients and Vitamins
Onions and Garlic
Oxygen Packs (Absorbers)
Papayas and Pineapple
Powdered Fruits and Vegetables
Prepackaging Dehydrated Soups
Rehydrating Dehydrated Foods
Rehydration by Refrigeration
Reusing Your Canning Lids
Shelf Life of Dehydrated Foods
Steamer/Juicer Marble Tip
Think ‘Longer Time and Lower Temperature’
Tomato Paste and Tomato Sauce Roll-Ups
Vacuum Sealer and Bags
What CAN'T be Dehydrated?
Wheat: Milled or Not?
When People Think You're Crazy
When To Salt
Where NOT To Store Your Food
Your Enemies in Long-Term Storage
|A Trick When Small Foods Fall Between the Trays|
Pulling a pair of queen size pantyhose over the tray is a great way to prevent the small items from falling between the trays. You can wash the nylon and reuse it. Going to a fabric store also offers a lot of different ideas for a screen cover that can be washed.
|After Making Lemonade|
After making lemonade don’t throw out the lemons. Leave the lemons in the pitcher and fill it again with water and 1 cup sugar, then place the pitcher back in the refrigerator. It will make a second pitcher as good as the first.
|Always 95% or More Dehydrated|
(After dehydrating let the food cool for 5-10 minutes before testing for dryness)
You want to keep your food at 95% or more dehydrated because the more moisture you remove from your food the better chance of it lasting for many years.
How will you know?
If it is sticky, put it back in the dehydrator!
Avocados have a very high oil content and are not recommended for dehydration. They will not store well and will turn rancid after a period of time.
Always use a stainless steel knife when cutting your bananas, if you use a regular knife the finished product may be brown in color (These are still fine to eat, just aren‘t as appealing). Use concentrated lemon and lightly spray the bananas as soon as they are cut. Handle your fruit as little as possible. Test the banana to see if it is done by removing one slice and letting it cool for 5-10 minutes. The slice should be crisp and not sticky. Place them into a ziplock bag for 2-3 days before packing. After a day, shake the plastic bag; if they are sticking together place them back in the dehydrator for 3 more hours. If the bananas are over ripe to begin with they may be on the chewy side after dehydrating. Using a slightly green banana will produce a crisper banana chip. If the banana is somewhat green to begin it may turn a little pink in color after dehydrating, not to worry they are still good to eat. I have never had my sliced bananas encounter case hardening when the temp. was higher. Even so, I still keep my temp. at 125°F.
|Basic Tips Before You Start|
Click here for a PDF document with some important beginner tips and information for dehydration and storage! You can view the document, save it to your computer, or print it out!
Here are some more tips:
Wash Everything Down: Use an anti-bacterial cleanser of your choice. Just like when canning foods, it is important to practice good hygiene while dehydrating as well. This ensures a good end product with a longer shelf life.
Wear Latex or Vinyl Gloves: There are natural oils and moistures in your hands which will contaminate your foods by reintroducing moisture. The whole idea to dehydrating foods is to maintain a good quality food with a long shelf life. Wearing protective gloves helps you obtain these goals.
Warm Up Your Dehydrator: Air circulation helps eliminate the growth of contaminates, therefore it is best to start the dehydrator and get the air moving before putting your food in.
Try Scissors: It is so much easier to cut your dehydrated foods with kitchen scissors instead of using a knife. Some of the dehydrated foods you can simply crumble in your hands.
Use Stainless Steel: Cutting with stainless steel scissors or knives gives a better looking finished dehydrated product. If you use a knife that is not stainless steel to cut bananas, for example, the final product will appear browner in color. These are still fine to eat; they are just less visually appealing.
|Blanching and Skin Scalding (which foods?)|
Blanching is when you place your food in boiling water for about one minute prior to dehydrating.
Why do you have to steam or blanch some items and not others?
Skin scalding occurs during the blanching process. Skin scalding is done to either soften the skin of a fruit or vegetable you want to dehydrate, or to soften the skin to allow for its removal. While blanching a grape, for example, you must blanch it prior to dehydrating in order to ‘skin scald’ or soften the skin. While blanching a tomato or peach, however, you will find the skins fall right off. By doing this it is possible to dehydrate your food without any unwanted skin or peach fuzz.
Food that should be blanched or skin scalded
Place the blueberries in a pot of boiling water for about one minute. The information I received over the years said to place them on a paper towel and then on the dehydrator tray. Lately, I have been placing my dehydrator tray across the sink like a strainer and pouring the blanched blueberries over the top of the tray. The less you have to move them around the better. I found this makes a big difference and the berries don’t mush. I suggest adding cold water to the pot before pouring it over the dehydrator tray. After placing them on the tray I prick them one by one with a toothpick to let the air out. My Blueberries are done in about 18 hours. If you remove the tray and some blueberries are still large and soft or can be easily mashed in your fingers they are not fully dehydrated. Puncture another hole in them and place in the dehydrator longer.
|Can You Over Dry Your Food?|
The answer is NO. Of course you don’t want to leave food in your dehydrator forever. Over drying has never been a concern of mine, however under drying and leaving moisture in your food will cause your food to become moldy. I can assure you this, if you remove 95% or more of the moisture from your food and store properly your food will last for years and taste great.
A lot of people recommend 135°F for fruits and 125°F for vegetables when dehydrating. It has been my opinion and my experience that 120-125°F is the best temp. for both fruits and vegetables. I dehydrate almost every day, and I believe longer time and lower temperature is the best way to prevent case hardening. Case hardening is when the temperature is too high causing the food to harden on the outside and the moisture to remain on the inside. When this happens the moist food will sour and become rancid over time and the food will have to be thrown away. I want my food to be in the best condition for longest storage time. Avoiding case hardening is a must for successful long-term storage. You work hard to build your pantry so don’t be rushed into drying your food too fast. Longer time, lower temp. is the best way.
Can you fix case hardening?
If you have case hardening you sometimes can turn it around. To do this, cut the pieces in half or put a slit in the top of the food and put back in the dehydrator, this allows the trapped moisture to escape. For sliced potatoes I simply poke them with a sharp knife and place them back into the dehydrator. For small cubed potatoes I would just cook them up and eat them. They are still good to eat you just do not want to store them long term.
|Cheese, Milk, Butter, Eggs|
Cheese, milk, eggs, and butter need to be commercially processed with special equipment. Items with high oil content must also be processed using special commercial methods and will turn rancid in a short period of time if done incorrectly. It has been recommended by experts in food storage and dehydrating that these items be purchased through a company that can commercially process such items.
Eggs, however, can be scrambled and dehydrated and then rehydrated with boiling water, but you cannot use these dehydrated scrambled eggs in cakes, breads, or other baked goods. Also, you cannot fry them up into an omelet the only thing you can do is eat them scrambled. The shelf life when done at home is not as long as if purchased by a company in # 10 cans. Dehydrated scramble eggs are great for someone who is going hiking or camping. My advice is to buy the powdered eggs that have been safely dehydrated by commercial equipment and properly stored. They taste great (like a fresh egg), and are more versatile for cooking and much more safe. The same goes for Cheese, Butter and Milk.
Whole Wheat Berries: This flour can be stored for 30+ years in the berry form if held in an air tight container with a good rubber seal and a 2000cc oxygen pack for each 5-gallon volume of wheat. However once ground, whole wheat flour should be stored in the refrigerator or freezer in an air tight container until ready to use. “Hard” berries such as hard red winter, hard white winter, hard white spring or hard red spring indicate that it is wheat with a high protein level (14%). This wheat is great for breads. However, soft wheat such as all-purpose flour and cake flour contains less protein (10-12%) and is great for cakes and pastries.
Unbleached Flour: Flour that is whitened using oxygen (has more of an off white appearance).
Bleached Flour: Flour that is processed with chlorine. The chlorine, however, evaporates after processing and does not destroy nutrients. Processing the flour helps reduce contamination and improves the shelf life (2-5 years if stored properly). Bleached and unbleached flour are virtually the same.
Enriched Flour: Flour that is supplemented with iron and four B Vitamins (thiamin, niacin, riboflavin and folic acid) to replace what was removed from the bran and germ. In addition, calcium is supplemented. There is no change in taste, color, texture, baking quality, or caloric value of the enriched flour.
Pre-Sifted Flour: Flour that is sifted at the mill, making it unnecessary to sift before measuring. However when your flour is vacuum packed and stored for a long period of time it is always a good idea to sift it, regardless if it had been sifted previously or not.
Whole Grain Flour: Flour that contains the germ, bran, and endosperm (flour) of the wheat kernel. Diets rich in whole grains reduce the risks of obesity, diabetes and heart conditions.
Cake Flour: This flour is lower in protein, lighter, fluffier and is used for cakes, pastries and muffins. Almost all cake flour is bleached. Bleach toughens the molecules allowing the flour to carry more sugar and fat. This flour can be purchased in the bake good section of your grocery store or you can prepare your own by taking 1 cup all-purpose flour, removing 2 tablespoons of the flour and replacing it with 2 tablespoons of corn starch. If you want it to be self-raising then add a pinch of salt and 1 ½ teaspoons of baking powder to the mix. Write these measurements down and tape to the back of your flour canister.
Organic Flour: This flour is chemical free. It is grown and stored without the use of synthetic herbicides or insecticides. It also means that no toxic fumigants were used to kill pests in the grain and no preservatives were added to the flour, packaging or food product. Organic flour, however, is not standardized, so its definition varies from state to state.
|Cooking With Dried Beans|
Dried beans are great to use in your pre-packaged foods, just make sure you use a slow cooker (crock pot) when dried beans have been added. This is because the beans take much longer than noodles or barley to rehydrate and cook. I recommend using a crock pot with all soups. The cook time is about 5 1/2 hours or longer with a crock pot. Of course, with dried beans it will take longer and it is always a good idea to soak them prior to preparing your dish.
The Dehydrate2Store Newsletter is a FREE monthly PDF sent via email that contains articles, recipes, news, tips, contest information, and more! The contents of these newsletters relate to dehydration, long-term storage, preparedness, cooking with dehydrated foods, rehydration, and more. In addition, most every month will have "The Health Corner," which contains information related to overall health and well-being.
Where Does the Information Come From? The majority of information inside these newsletters comes from the Dehydrate2Store team and our personal experiences with dehydration and storage. Tips and tricks for dehydrating are virtually all developed by, or modified by, one of our dehydration experts. All information from outside sources will be sited accordingly. Additionally, all information from "The Health Corner" comes from peer-reviewed and published scientific articles. It is our promise only to provide data and facts that have been extensively tested, reviewed, and accepted by the scientific community. All information in "The Health Corner" will be cited.
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|Dehydrated food back to the raw form?|
Celery, once dehydrated, will never have the exact texture as fresh raw celery, but you can add it to your potato salad dehydrated and it will soften to a crunchy texture. If you don’t like that texture try soaking it in cool water for 15 min, or until you get the texture you want. Celery and all other vegetables when dehydrated and cooked will turn out just as if you started from fresh but trying to get back exactly to the raw form isn’t easy to achieve.
|Dehydrators: Which One to Choose?|
When buying a dehydrator the most important thing to look for is the fan placement. The fan should be located on the back of the dehydrator NOT on the top or bottom. Dehydrators that are designed with a fan on top or bottom will dry your food unevenly thus creating confusing drying times and poor air circulation. Also if the fan is on the bottom flavors from foods on your bottom rack will travel into foods on higher racks, creating unwanted flavors.
I recommend Excalibur Dehydrators. I currently have two 9 tray Excalibur Dehydrators. One was purchased in 2007, and the other in 2009. Neither has given me a single problem and they both run constantly day and night and give fantastic looking products. These are by far the best dehydrators I have ever used. To ensure loyalty from my viewers I ONLY recommend products or services I have personally used and feel are the best available for the cost. For competitive pricing on Excalibur Dehydrators click here!
Vacuum Bags: Vacuum bags can be suction sealed with a vacuum sealer. Place your dehydrated foods, quick meals, bread mixes, etc., into a vacuum bag, add an oxygen pack to remove residual oxygen, and vacuum seal.
The purpose of vacuum sealing is to remove oxygen from your food. Oxygen is a powerful agent that will degrade your food causing it to spoil. In addition, removing oxygen creates an environment that is difficult for many species of bacteria (especially pathogenic bacteria) to grow, adding to the safety of your stored food.
Mylar Bags: Next, place your vacuum-sealed vacuum bag into a Mylar bag. Mylar bags cannot be vacuum sealed by most non-commercial vacuum sealers, so instead you must heat seal them. Some vacuum sealers, such as the Weston Pro-2300 that I use, have a "heat seal" button. This allows you to simply fuse the bag shut with heat and without suction. If your vacuum sealer does not have this feature, you can heat seal using an iron and a metal edge.
Mylar bags are made of a durable and resistant reflective material. Thus, the purpose of the Mylar bag is to keep out sunlight, and reduce heat. Light and heat are also powerful food degrading agents. Additionally, Mylar bags help to prevent puncturing of your bags by sharp opjects or rodents.
Need any of these items? Click on the item below that you need:
Oxygen Packs (Absorbers)
It is very difficult to give an exact time frame for dehydrating foods because of all the variables involved. Humidity outside and in the home, thickness and type of cut, how loaded the trays are, and even different brands of produce play a big part in dehydration time. Also, the type of dehydrator you use plays a large role. If the fan is on the top or bottom of your dehydrator it will take longer for the food to dry because the circulation of air flow is disrupted by the other trays. If the fan is in the back of the dehydrator (where it should be) your food will dry faster and more evenly.
What I can tell you is this:
You never want to increase the temperature to dry food faster as this will cause “case hardening.” This is when the outside of the food hardens and moisture is trapped on the inside and is unable to dry because it is incased in a hard shell. This will cause your food to sour and have to be tossed. Your best bet is long time and low temp. Never try to speed things up by increasing the temperature in order to finish at a certain time. Regardless if I am dehydrating a fruit or vegetable I never go over 125°F.
Average* Drying Time List
8-15 hours All fresh vegetables including peppers
8-10 hours Frozen vegetables (remember to place on the tray while frozen)
8-10 hours Mushrooms and onions (sliced and chopped)
12-15 hours Sweet and white potatoes (thin sliced, chopped)
8-10 hours Fruits if sliced very thin
12-15 hours Fruits if cut in ¼ inch slices
15 hours plus Fruit rollups (depending on how much corn syrup and honey used)
15-20 hours Grapes
18-20 hours Blueberries
Up to 2 days Whole prunes (remove pits)
12-15 hours Peaches, plums, pears, apples, nectarines, rhubarb
* "Average" times are given since dehydration time can be altered slightly by an assortment of variables including humidity, type of dehydrator, and thickness of your food. The most important part is not so much the length of time in the dehydrator, but the percentage of remaining moisture left in your food. For long-term storage you want to stay at 95% and above. Testing for dryness will be your best barometer. Your food should easily snap and should not be sticking together.
After dehydrating your food, place it in a ziplock bag for a few days before storing in your vacuum bags. This will give you a chance to see that your food has fully dehydrated. If your food appears limp you can put it back in the dehydrator again for a few more hours.
Locating a farmer’s market in your area and buying by the bushel is a great way to save money and build your pantry. When potatoes are in season I purchase and dehydrate enough potatoes to last through the winter. During the fall when it’s apple season I can purchase a bushel basket of apples for $5.00. Normally I buy around 5-6 bushels, which will last me through the winter. I dehydrate the apples, vacuum seal them in vacuum bags, and heat-seal the vacuum bag inside of a Mylar bag ("double bagging"), so that they will last up to 30 years. Then, I use the dehydrated apples periodically to make apple bread, muffins, pancakes, pies, and many more delicious recipes! All winter I never have to peel or cut anything and I can make meals fast and easy. To find a farmer's market in your area, click here and enter your zip code in the box!
|Food That Should Be Steamed Before Dehydrating|
ALL LOW ACID FOODS
|Foods You Just Throw on the Dehydrator|
Mushrooms (If wet or soaked in water before dehydrating mushrooms will turn dark in color. These are still OK to eat)
|Frozen Fruits and Vegetables|
Don’t forget that you can dehydrate all your frozen fruits and vegetables from your grocery store, saving you room in your freezer. All your frozen foods have already been prepped, just open the bag and throw them on the tray frozen. This includes thick French fries and hash browns. Melons are better if pureed and made into fruit rollups. Frozen strawberries are easier to cut when they are only halfway frozen.
Never use sugar in fruit rollups, the sugar will crystallize over time. Instead use honey or corn syrup.
When using ziplock bags to dry your fruit rollups make sure any print on the bag is facing away from the rollup. Otherwise, it will pull the print up when the rollup is removed.
I like to use duct tape when taping down the ziplock bag because it does not fall off in the dehydrator and it is easy to remove from the trays.
Shrink wrap makes a great package for the rollups when sealed using your sealer.
Also, the wax inserts in cereal boxes make a great package for fruit rollups.
Cooking the fruit in a sauce pan before dehydrating makes a translucent roll-up whereas uncooked makes a more firm and solid color roll-up.
When peeling your oranges, mangos, papayas, apples, peaches, pears, and lemons place the skins on the tray with the skin side facing DOWN and dehydrate. After dehydrating most skins can be ground and put in homemade herbal teas, sauces, cookies, cakes, and breads.
Orange Peels and Corn Meal
In general, most fruits can be dehydrated at 120-125°F. The times for dehydrating fruits range depending on the fruit, and how thick you slice them. Also, different fruits sometimes require different prepping methods prior to dehydrating.
Most fruits should be dehydrated 8-10 hours if sliced very thin, or 12-15 hours if sliced approximately 1/4 inch thick. Thicker slices will increase the time further.
Prior to dehydration most fruits require prepping. Often this entails simply slicing them to a uniform thickness, spreading them on the dehydrator tray, and spraying them with lemon juice.
Citrus and other high-acid fruits are preparaed the same way, except without spraying with lemon juice.
For a list of some common fruits, their prepping instructions, drying times, and shelf lives, click here!
Some fruits are trickier. Dehydrating prunes, for instance, takes up to 48 hours. Blueberries also require special attention and a few tricks. Click on one of the "tricky" fruits below to learn some secretes tricks to achieving the best final product!
Papayas and Pineapple
I use my glass jars for short term storage. When they become empty I refill them with my items that have been vacuum packed, Mylar bagged, or oxygen packed. Don’t get me wrong, your food will last for a year and longer in the jars, but the issue is the light breaking down the food. If you place your jars in a dark area then your food can last virtually forever, so your biggest concern is light exposure over a long period of time. Years ago jar companies made a blue jar for canning to detour light. You can still find the blue jars (I have some) if you go to attic or garage sales. Three years ago you couldn’t even give them away (as with clear Mason/Ball jars) but today you have to fight to get them. I would not recommend these old jars for canning due to safety reasons, but they are great for long-term storage of dried foods.
|Herbal Teas: Which Herbs To Use|
Note: The following are claimed applications and affects of various herbs as explained via “herbalism” or “herbal medicine.” Herbs are considered a “supplement” and not a “medication.” As such, many of the effects and remedies listed below have been documented and observed by many people, but are (for the most part) not acknowledged by the FDA.
What does that mean? That means that you may or may not experience the same remedying effects of these supplements. Also, it means that there are no agreed or constrained “doses” for these supplements. keep in mind, it is always possible to have “too much of a good thing.” So, if you choose to embrace these wonderful potential benefits of herbs, please do so in moderation and with safety in mind. Don’t overdo it, and keep track of how your body reacts!
I personally love herbal teas; both for their taste and their benefits. I feel that many of their claimed effects do indeed appear to be true, at least for my body. However, I strongly stress that although you may find many of these herbal remedies effective in the treatment of various problems and symptoms, if you feel you have a serious or threatening illness you should consult a physician. If your health is in serious detriment you should not try to self-medicate via these supplements, or via other medications, without first contacting a medical professional. During yearly physician visits you should also list those supplements you use regularly under the "medications" section of your chart. If you consume valerian root in an attempt to self-medicate, your physician would like to know this. Safety first!
Reported Benefits of Various Herbs, as Consumed in Herbal Teas
Chamomile helps ease emotional and physical tension and upset stomach.
Ginger decreases the production of pain-causing chemicals in the body, and relieves respiratory congestion, nausea, and upset stomach.
Cat Nip is a mild sedative.
Passionflower calms nervous tension.
Peppermint has decongesting properties, stimulates circulation, and encourages perspiration helping to lower fever. Peppermint also helps with intestinal cramping and gas.
Echinacea (purple cone flower) is often used to suppress symptoms of cold and flu.
Lavender is helpful with insomnia, stress, and headaches.
Elderberry is used for cold and flu symptoms.
Valerian helps with insomnia and is a mild pain reducer.
Mullein Leaves are rich in mucilage, a gelatinous substance that soothes irritated mucous membranes and bronchial passages.
Marshmallow Root also contains mucilage.
Thyme soothes nagging cough.
Yarrow reduces inflammation and increases circulation.
Raspberry Leaf contains astringent compounds called tannins that soothe intestinal inflammation.
Dandelion stimulates digestive fluids and helps with water retention.
Licorice Root possesses antibacterial properties that increase the production of protective mucus in the stomach.
Parsley has natural diuretic properties and helps to cleanse the bladder of infectious organisms.
Prior to dehydrating, never chop or cut any parts of the herb that you will be dehydrating (leaves, petals, etc.). This will release oils and reduce the flavor of your finished product. Instead, dry the plant as a whole and then break or crush after fully dehydrated.
Keep your dehydrator between 90-100°F when dehydrating herbs.
If you wash your herbs first, dry any excess water (hang upside down to air dry or fold between a paper towel) from your herbs before placing them in your dehydrator.
|Holes in your Vacuum Bags|
The likely reason for puncturing of your vacuum bags is the quality of the bag itself. I always say: If you are to spend a little extra money anywhere when dehydrating, buying vacuum bags is the place to do it! You can have the best vacuum sealer on the market, but if your bags are low quality they will puncture and your food and hard work will be wasted!
Most often when I receive this question, the inquirer is using FoodSaver brand vacuum bags. I would consider FoodSaver bags lower quality. FoodSaver products are nice because they provide a low-cost option for those just starting to dehydrate and store. However, I would avoid using their bags if possible, especially if you are storing a large quantity of goods. Try to purchase vacuum bags and Mylar bags of 3Mil thickness or greater, and from a company you trust! You may need to shop around to find what you like best.
Tammy of Dehydrate2Store uses the following: Vacuum Bags Mylar Bags
Tip: If you must use lower quality bags, try wrapping them in bubble wrap. This will reduce impact when heavy items are placed on top, and will reduce puncturing.
Although honey can be dehydrated, dehydrating honey is unnecessary because it will last indefinitely in its liquid form if stored properly (unopened and at a reasonable temperature).
After opening, honey still has a very long shelf life, but it may crystallize. If your honey crystallizes into a gooey sugar after opening or storing it in a cold place, this does not mean that the honey has gone bad. Simply heat (don’t boil) the honey and it will melt back into honey that is perfectly fine to eat.
|How To Get FREE Food Storage Buckets|
If you want to get food storage buckets for free simply drive behind a doughnut store, restaurant, or bakery. I have found 10 at a time sitting outside the dumpster while driving by a bakery in my neighborhood. Alternatively, you can go inside the store or restaurant and ask them to save the empty buckets for you. Most places will do this. You will be surprised how many buckets you can accumulate over a short period of time. If the seal of the lid is in bad condition then purchase a new lid with a good rubber seal at any home supply store. I like "Tractor Supply" store: the lids there have a great rubber seal and the cost is around $2.50 per lid.
Make sure your storage buckets are "food grade." Food grade plastic is held to a higher standard of purity to ensure chemicals and plastics do not seep into your food. If the bucket previously held food, it is an indicator that the bucket is food grade. If you purchase new buckets you should also make sure they are food grade. The manufacturer should be able to tell you that information.
|How to Make Bread Rise|
Yes, you can use your Excalibur Dehydrator to make your bread rise too! Simply turn the temperature to 115°F, remove all but one rack, and place a pan of water in the bottom of dehydrator. Then, oil your dough and cover it with a damp cloth. Next, put your bread on the rack above the pan of water and close the dehydrator. The rise time is about 1 hour.
If it is a warm rainy day and the windows are open and you don’t have air conditioning or a dehumidifier running then hold off until another day before dehydrating. When the conditions are as I just mentioned, you are asking your dehydrator to dehydrate your food and your whole house! Attempting to defeat this will only cause you to be upset with the dehydrator thinking you have a bad one. Just relax, sit back, and be thankful for all the wonderful rain that will bless you with an abundance of food to dehydrate.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (LDS) has canneries that you can go to and purchase Mylar bags and oxygen packs for very little money. You can also purchase wheat, oats, corn meal, beans and other dried foods and have it placed in #10 cans. The LDS members are very kind, willing to help, and very knowledgeable in food storage. You do not have to be a member to go to some of the canneries; however the canneries are non-profit and therefore run through tithing in the church. For this reason some locations require that you be a member to purchase from them. I recommend you call your local cannery and ask their policy prior to visiting. Through the usage of an LDS cannery you can build your pantry fast and for very little money. The Cannery is a smart tool in helping you build your pantry, so please take advantage of it.
If you are interested, click here to find a map of all of the LDS canneries in the United States. Click on the state in which you live, or a surrounding state, to find the nearest one!
Whenever food is processed in any way nutrients are lost. For this reason it is important that you spray lemon juice on your carrots, apples, bananas, pears, strawberries, papaya, or any low-acid item, before dehydrating in order to add extra vitamin C. This process will also help to retain the natural beautiful colors of your fruits and vegetables.
I spray lemon juice directly on the items instead of soaking them in a bowl. If you soak your bananas in the juice they will become soggy. Also, soaking food can take away important vitamins and minerals. If you put honey in the lemon juice, like some people suggest, I find that your foods become sticky and soggy and after dehydrating they will stick together. Also, when soaking in lemon juice there is a lot of waste when you toss the leftover juice down the drain. Spraying or misting with concentrated lemon juice is the best technique.
Things you do not want to spray with your lemon juice are green leafy items like spinach or broccoli because the lemon juice will brown or burn them.
Pineapple juice is also a potential vitamin C-rich liquid that you can spray onto your foods before dehydrating. However, I recommend concentrated lemon juice because pineapple juice tends to make your dehydrated items more on the sticky side due to the excess sugars.
A MUST: (All low-acid fruits, to maintain color and add extra vitamin C)
IF YOU WANT:
Lemons do not need any prep prior to dehydrating. Simply slice them into a uniform thickness and dehydrate at 120-125°F for 8-10 (if sliced very thin) or 12-15 (if sliced approximately 1/4 inch thick) hours. One thing about lemons is they will often turn black in color after years of storage. Don’t worry, this is normal and your lemons are still good to eat!
I WOULD NOT recommend dehydrating meat for long-term storage no matter how you package it. Dehydrated meat becomes rancid after a period of time. The only way to increase the life of the dehydrated meat would be to freeze it after dehydrating.
WHAT I WOULD recommend is to purchase freeze-dried meat from a company that sells it, or to can your own meat with a pressure cooker. I have stocked up on tuna, salmon, corned beef hash, beef stew and canned chicken. Tuna in a can has a very long shelf life.
Mushrooms should be wiped clean with a damp cloth if dirty. Never soak mushrooms in water or place them into the dehydrator wet or they will turn dark in color. They are fine to eat this way, they just look unappealing. I like to purchase pre-sliced mushrooms when they are on sale because they have been cleaned and cut. You just throw the pre-sliced mushrooms right on your dehydrator and they turn out perfect. Fresher mushrooms are best to use.
Mylar bags are strong, shiny bags with a silver color. These bags are durable and puncture resistant, making them a perfect second line of defense for your vacuum sealed bags. Also, the shiny coating reflects sunlight, a powerful food degradation agent.
Mylar bags are very important for long-term storage (up to 30 years!). The bags keep out harmful sunlight, protect against puncturing, and keep out rodents. You should store your Mylar bags in a cool place, such as a basement storage area.
To Seal a Mylar Bag
Mylar bags CAN NOT be vacuum sealed directly. The Mylar material is very strong: too strong for virtually any non-commercial food-sealing machine. Even the Weston Pro-2300, the highest quality sealer I have ever used, cannot seal these bags directly. Trying to do so may harm your machine.
Part of the reason is the strength of the bag, and part of the reason is the material. Mylar bags are not designed to be sealed. They do not have microchannel pockets for efficient air suction, and the bag's surface does not provide a proper grip for use with a vacuum sealer.
To seal a Mylar bag, simply put your vacuum-sealed vacuum bag inside of a Mylar bag and use the "heat seal" setting on your vacuum sealer. If you do not have a heat seal setting, you can use a hot iron and a metal surface.
Alternatively, you can use this trick. Put your food into a Mylar bag, but don't seal it. Then, put the Mylar bag into a larger vacuum bag. Make sure the vacuum bag is 1-2 inches longer than your Mylar bag. Next, use your vacuum sealer to vacuum seal the vacuum bag. The suction created by the vacuum bag will cause the Mylar bag to vacuum seal as well. For an instructional video on this trick click the link below!
Note: Just like vacuum bags, the quality varies depending on company. Using high-quality bags is important to ensure your food lasts the maximum time. For the high-quality 3.5-Mil durable Mylar bags I use in my videos click here.
|Onions and Garlic|
Keep them separate! Strong-smelling foods should not be dehydrated in the same batch as other foods. Try putting your dehydrator outside on a hot dry day when doing your garlic and onions to avoid spreading strong unwanted scents through your home.
TIP: If onions make you cry, place them in the freezer for one hour before chopping them.
|Oxygen Packs (Absorbers)|
Oxygen packs (or "oxygen absorbers") are small oxygen-absorbing packages that are to be placed into your vacuum-sealed bags, buckets, or jars of dehydrated foods. The purpose of an oxygen pack is to absorb any residual oxygen that may still be present in your bag, bucket, or jar.
What size to use?
100cc per one-gallon vacuum bag or glass jar.
2000cc per five-gallon bucket containing a five-gallon Mylar bag. This is something you would use when you are placing items directly into the Mylar bag and not vacuum-sealing them. Examples: Wheat, oats, corn, beans, barley, and so on.
How to store oxygen packs?
Your oxygen packs will likely come in a vacuum bag when you purchase them. Cut a thin strip off of the bag, remove the packs you need, and promptly reseal the bag with your vacuum sealer. If your oxygen packs do not come in a vacuum bag when you purchase them, put them into a vacuum bag after you first open them.
Often, oxygen absorbers come with a pink pill inside of the vacuum bag. This pill serves as an indicator of oxygen exposure. If the pill turns blue or purple it means that oxygen has gotten into your oxygen pack storage, and your oxygen packs are likely no longer good to use.
When must you replace them?
When you open a jar and no longer hear the “POP” or the suction sound then it is time for a new oxygen pack. If you open a jar and hear a pop, then close it and open it again fifteen minutes later you will not hear the suction noise again. This does not mean you need a new oxygen pack because a jar usually takes a few hours for the lid to be suctioned closed. If there are foods that you are opening and closing on a daily basis then there is no need for an oxygen pack because the food is being rotated quickly.
To purchase high-quality oxygen packs of various sizes click here!
|Papayas and Pineapple|
Papayas and pineapple should both be steamed prior to dehydrating if you are going to use them in Jell-O. Also I believe pineapple is better if steamed prior to dehydrating if you plan to use it in an upside down cake, breads, cookies, smoothies and so on. The only time I do not steam my pineapple before dehydrating is when I plan to grind it up in powdered form for teas and sauces. You can eat steamed or unsteamed dehydrated pineapple and papaya for a great on-the-go snack.
Mangos and Papayas
When it comes to plums remember all prunes are plums but not all plums can be prunes. Plums need to be very ripe if you want prunes. To dehydrate simply wash, leave the skins on and cut in half, remove the pit, then place skin side down on the dehydrator tray. Dehydrate at 120-125°F until they are a little on the hard side. This should take 8-15 hours.
White Potatoes (‘Regular’)
If you boil potatoes with the skins on, then put them in the refrigerator overnight, it firms up the potato and makes it easier to peel, cut and shred. Make sure to cook your potatoes before dehydrating or they will turn black in the dehydrator. Do not overcook your potatoes or they will fall apart.
You will not be able to achieve mashed potatoes using dehydrated potatoes. It's better to purchase potatoes that have been flake dried (instant potatoes) with special equipment. I have found that getting the lumps out is a near impossible task and it is much easier to buy from a company. The same goes for dehydrated eggs, milk, and cheese. These items require specific machinery and procedures; therefore it is far easier to find a reliable company to provide these products to you.
To purchase these commercially dried products click here!
If you want your sweet potatoes in slices or cubes then you will need to cut them first and then steam them. Always put them in water that is gently boiling. If you place them in water that has reached a rolling boil they will fall apart or mush. If you want mashed sweet potatoes boil the potatoes with the skins on then, after they are cooked through, remove the peelings and gently mush them with your hands as you drop them on the dehydrator tray. I never have had to place anything over the mesh tray when dehydrating mashed sweet potatoes; you can simply put your potatoes directly on the tray.
|Powdered Fruits and Vegetables|
Fruit powders can be used to make jellies and breads or can be added to sugar to give a fruity taste and cut the amount of sugar being used. Powdered fruits can be put in oatmeal, yogurts, smoothies, shakes, desserts, sauces, teas, pies and drinks. The great thing when you dehydrate on your own is that the flavor and nutrients are better. This is because most of the factories that make the powder you buy in stores use old bruised fruit or left over peelings. When you do it yourself you get to pick the quality of the product.
|Prepackaging Dehydrated Soups|
If you are making prepackaged soups for easy cooking or to give away to friends and family you can simply add all spices and ingredients directly to the mix and then vacuum seal. The only things you must keep separate are the bouillon cubes (because they contain moisture), cornstarch, and flour (because it will absorb moisture). Place each of these items in their own little separate sealed bags. Then place all of the little bags right into the large vacuum bag containing the rest of your dehydrated ingredients.
Try to keep your raspberries as dry as possible. Rinse, but do not soak, in water prior to dehydrating and wash minutes before dehydrating.
|Rehydrating Dehydrated Foods|
This is a good guideline to use, but also use your own judgment:
Vegetables: Approx. 1 cup boiling or cool (depending on the vegetable) water per 1 cup dehydrated vegetables.
Fruit: Approx. 1 cup boiling or cool (depending on the fruit) water per 1 cup fruit.
Allow the items to soak and absorb the water 10 minutes or more (but no longer than 4 hours) before draining off the excess liquid. If rehydration is expected to take longer than 4 hours, use "Rehydration by Refrigeration."
|Reusing Your Canning Lids|
When a jar's lid has been pressure-canned and then opened, the seal on the lid is compromised and could potentially leak air. However, you can reuse lids from jars that were used to hold dehydrated foods because the lids were not processed in a pressure cooker.
|Shelf Life of Dehydrated Foods|
When stored properly and kept in a cool, dry place your foods can last up to 30 years or longer depending on the item. To maximize shelf life it is important to dehydrate thoroughly, vacuum seal in a vacuum bag with oxygen packs, then "double bag" in a heat-sealed Mylar bag. These items should be kept in a cool place such as a basement. Click here for more information and a dehydrated food shelf life chart.
|Steamer/Juicer Marble Tip|
Place 6 or 7 marbles in the bottom of your Steamer/Juicer (where the water goes). The marbles will rattle against the side of the pot when your water is getting low, acting as an indicator that you need to add more water.
You can purchase a Steamer/Juicer (free marbles included) here!
Using Your Steamer/Juicer
|Think ‘Longer Time and Lower Temperature’|
You never want to increase the temperature of your dehydrator in hopes of a faster drying time. This will cause “Case Hardening." This is when the outside of the food hardens and moisture remains trapped on the inside. This moisture is then unable to dry because it is encased in a hard shell. This will cause your food to go sour and then must be tossed. Your best bet is long time and low temp. Regardless if I am dehydrating a fruit or a vegetable, I never go over 125°F on my dehydrator. One exception is if it is very humid; then I might go to 130°F with fruit, but NO higher.
|Tomato Paste and Tomato Sauce Roll-Ups|
There are several ways you can make tomato paste:
1) You can puree tomatoes that have been canned
2) You can use whole tomatoes, scald off the skin, then puree
3) You can puree whole tomatoes with the skins on
4) You can pre-cook your puree as you would with fruit roll-ups, or simply dehydrate it raw
A trick you can use to help remove water from the tomatoes is to put them in a clear gravy separator and place them in the refrigerator overnight. The next day, pour off the water that separated from the tomatoes. Your paste is now thicker and easier to make into a roll-up. To see how to make a tomato sauce roll-up click the instructional video below about "fruit roll-ups," and follow the same protocol.
Fruit/Tomato Sauce Roll-Ups
|Vacuum Sealer and Bags|
What to buy: Vacuum Sealer
One of the best investments you can make in food storage is purchasing a vacuum sealer. Not only is a vacuum sealer necessary for the long-term storage of many foods, but it can also be used for so much more. Examples: Medications, soaps, blankets, important papers, making small car emergency packs, matches, clothes, and anything else you want to protect against moisture. You can also vacuum seal your store-bought cheese to make it last four times as long. The same goes for all of the other leftovers in your refrigerator. In addition, vacuum sealing helps to save space by compressing bulky and soft items such as blankets.
I recommend the Weston Pro-2300 Vacuum sealer. This high-quality and durable machine is great for abundant vacuum sealing. This machine comes with dual suction motors, instead of many other brands which have only one, which allows for powerful suction strength. This also has the option to heat seal without vacuum sealing, which is great for Mylar bags. When storing food for long-term storage it is important to have good quality bags and a good quality sealer to create a strong long-lasting seal and ensure the food you worked hard for stays safe!
To see this sealer in action click here!
To purchase the Weston Pro-2300 Vacuum Sealer click here!
What to buy: Vacuum Bags
Regardless of which vacuum sealer you have, the most important thing are the bags! You must have vacuum bags of at least 3 Mil in thickness, and they must be of durable quality. If there is one time during the storing process where you shouldn’t settle for the cheaper product, it is right here. You can have the most expensive vacuum sealer on the market, but if you are using poor-quality bags your storage efforts will be futile. I prefer the microchannel 3-Mil bags that can be found at DC Sales Enterprises, inc. for their durability and longevity. I am not a big fan of the cheaper bags that can be found at department stores like Wal-Mart. Your food storage is important, and it does not pay to use cheap vacuum bags.
If you MUST use lower quality bags for budget reasons:
First, put your dehydrated food in a plastic ziplock bag, but do not zip it closed. Then place that bag into your vacuum bag and vacuum seal. But remember, I always recommend 3 Mil or better, and the higher-quality option, for your vacuum bags if possible.
When dehydrating, vegetables largely fall into three main groups: those you simply slice then dehydrate, those you blanch/steam prior to dehydrating, and those that require special tricks. For both of these groups you can simply dehydrate at 120-125°F for 8-15 hours after preparation (depending on thickness of slice, type of vegetable, and humidity in your home). For more information on drying times for specific vegetables, click here!
Group One: These vegetables are simply sliced thinly then dehydrated
All Bagged Grocery-store Frozen Vegetables (no slicing required)
Group Two: These vegetables must be steamed prior to dehydrating
Group Three: These vegetables require special preparation techniques, precautions, or extra attention. Click for more information.
Tomato Paste/ Sauce
|What CAN'T be Dehydrated?|
You can dehydrate so much; from fruits and vegetables to sauces and cake fondant and much more, the limit lies virtually in the boundaries of your creativity!
There are, however, a few items that simply will not dehydrate properly and efficiently.
High Oil Content: Items with a naturally high oil content will not dehydrate properly. Examples include avacados and nuts. Some items, such as olives and meats, have a "medium" oil content. These items can be dehydrated, however they will not last as long as your fruits and vegetables, becoming rancid fairly quickly. I would not recommend storing olives or meats for longer than 2-3 months (6 months if freezing in addition to dehydrating).
Lettuce: Lettuce does not yield a favorable product when dehydrated. The resulting product appears wilted and burnt, and you cannot do much with it. Luckily, the health benefits of lettuce are limited (fiber and some vitamin A), and thus it is not an essential part of your storage. You can supplement vitamin A and fiber into your storage through a number of other fruits and vegetables.
Animal Products: Animal products such as milk, eggs, and cheese are not easily dehydrated through conventional home methods. These products contain a higher oil content and thus require special commercial methods of dehydration for a quiality and long-lasting product. There are some exceptions in which you can dehydrate these at home. To learn more click here.
To learn how to dehydrate each of your items, simply type the name of the item into the search bar on our home page!
|Wheat: Milled or Not?|
Wheat will store for up to 30 years if left un-milled in the berry form. Milled flour will last for 5 years if you store it with oxygen packs in vacuum bag that is double bagged in a Mylar bag, and then place it in a bucket with an air tight rubber seal. You should find the coolest spot in your home to store your food.
|When People Think You're Crazy|
When people think you’re crazy for storing food, just forgive them and keep on storing. Building a pantry for your family is one of the smartest things you can do. It’s not about digging a hole and hiding it, It’s about preparedness against hyperinflation so that we will always be able to afford food for our families. It’s about having a reliable source (and a green source) of storage that does not rely on electricity or refrigeration.
A few years ago we had a storm in our city and lost power for two weeks. As a result, nearly all of the food in our refrigerator and freezer had to be thrown out. It is important to learn to preserve and cook with our dehydrated and stored food so that we can bring the greatest amount of security to our loved ones in the event of disaster, or even something as sudden as a loss of electricity.
It doesn‘t make sense to waste money on all of those overpriced prepackaged foods from the store when you can do it yourself for a small fraction of the price! With dehydration you can prepackage your own meals with food from your garden or food you have selected yourself from the store. For instance, if you have bananas that are not being eaten fast enough you don’t have to throw them out, you can dehydrate them!
Compared to other storing methods, dehydrating takes a fraction of the space, weighs less, saves money, requires no refrigeration, and will last up to 30 years or longer. Dehydration is also more gentle on your foods than canning or freezing, meaning that less nutrients and vitamins will be lost (losing some nutrients is inevitable when processing or cooking foods in any way). In fact, studies by the United States Department of Agriculture show that only about 3-5% of nutrients are lost during dehydration, whereas around 40-60% can be lost during freezing, and around 60-80% during canning.
Please think about dehydrating, it makes cooking so much easier and I guarantee you will save a ton of money!
|When To Salt|
Remember to add salt AFTER everything is cooked. Salt slows down the rehydrating process.
|Where NOT To Store Your Food|
You should never store your food on a concrete floor. Place it on a skid or elevate it off the floor so it is not directly on the concrete. Never place your stored food where the sun is beating down on it, by a furnace, or anywhere that is especially hot.
Winter is great because the furnace is always going and it’s dry in your house. The down side is your garden is 3 feet under snow. The upside is you can load up an all the produce that grocery stores put on sale. How many people can load up on 10 lbs of carrots, bananas, etc.?
YOU CAN, because YOU have a dehydrator!
When making yogurt, make sure your jars and lids have been sterilized and dried thoroughly. You don’t want to breed any bacteria other then the bacteria that makes the yogurt.
Note: Do not add the heaping tablespoon of commercial plain yogurt until the temp. of the milk is at or below 120°F but not lower than 100°F. Remember, a temperature over 120°F will kill the culture and you will not be able to make yogurt. If the temp. drops below the 100°F the milk will sour. To be safe, keep your dehydrator between 118-120°F.
Place in 4 small jars and leave them untouched in the dehydrator for 6 hours.
This recipe is also available here.